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The atmospheric concentration of greenhouse gases able to absorb the infrared radiation provokes the global warming, causing climatic variations.
In particular the GAS-OFF project is focused on the analysis of the production of the greenhouse gas emissions (CO2, N2O, CH4) of agricultural and zootechnical provenance and then it proposes techniques and methodologies to solve the problem. The faced issue is well-known internationally and it is strictly linked to the Community policies.
At the international level the KYOTO PROTOCOL, which came in to being in 1997 during the third Conference between the countries-signers of the convention on climate changes (U.N.F.C.C.C.), aims at reducing the emissions of six kind of gases that provoke the greenhouse effect: carbon dioxide, nitrous oxide, methane, hydrofluorocarbons, per-fluorocarbons and sulfur hexofluoride.

The protocol asks for a reduction in greenhouse gases by the countries-signer by 2012 in comparison with the 1990 levels.